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Substance Abuse

Do you need to get on the path to Recovery from DRUGS?

Marijuana

More young people go into treatment for marijuana use than for all other illegal drug use combined. Marijuana use affects nearly every organ system in the body. It can have a profound impact on people’s education, employment, and personal life.

Marijuana and Pregnancy

  • Use during pregnancy can cause
  • Low birth weight
  • Problems with fetal brain and nerve development

Long-Term Effects

  • Impaired learning and memory
  • Lower grades and poor work performance
  • Suppressed immune system impairing the body’s ability to fight infection and disease

LSD

LSD is a hallucinogenic drug, sold as tablets or dissolved onto blotter paper. One out of every 10 people ages 12 and older has tried LSD.
Physical Effects

  • High doses which produce hallucinations—known as a trip— can cause confusion, panic, and terror
  • The effects last 12 hours, followed by depression and extreme tiredness
  • Regular users can have flashbacks, even without taking the drug
  • LSD has been linked to serious mental illness, such as depression and schizophrenia

Opioids

Opioids are natural or synthetic substances such as Oxycodone, Vicodin, Demerol, and Dilaudid, which act on the brain’s opiate receptors. People abuse them because they provide a feeling of euphoria (a ‘rush’).
Physical Effects of Opioids

  • Constricted pupils
  • Flushing of the skin
  • Heavy feeling in the limbs
  • A rush followed by confused, drowsy feeling that lasts several hours
  • Slowed breathing and heart rates

Heroin

Heroin is a white to dark brown powder. It often is mixed with other substances (sugar, starch) or poison (strychnine). Popular with youth because it is cheap. 1 million Americans may be addicted to heroin. Smoking or snorting heroin can lead to addiction, just as injecting heroin does. Among people younger than 26, heroin is linked to more deaths than any other substance except alcohol.
 

Physical Effects

  • Causes people to ignore other aspects of their lives, like family and loved ones, finances, and legal concerns
  • This neglect can lead to weight loss, sickness, money problems, criminal activity, and housing and family problems

GHB

GHB is a light powder that usually is dissolved in liquid and sold from a bottle.


Physical Effects

  • Can cause coma-like sleep
  • Mixed with alcohol, it can lead to overdose and death

 

MDMA (“Ecstasy”)

Ecstasy use began in clubs but has spread to other social settings. It was used in psychotherapy, but proved to have no therapeutic value. Today, it is a banned substance.


Physical Effects

  • Causes increased heart rate and blood pressure, nausea, loss of appetite, jaw tightness, and teeth clenching

Oxycodone

Oxycodone, a time-release prescription medicine for cancer and back pain, comes in various forms, such as OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet, and Codeine.

On the street, it is known as oxy, kicker, killers, blue, and hillbilly heroin. The drug is highly addictive when abused. People forge prescriptions and rob pharmacies to obtain it illegally. They abuse it by crushing the tablet and swallowing or snorting the powder, or by dissolving it in water and injecting it. Since its introduction in 1999, oxycodone abuse has increased every year. In 2004, five percent of a high school seniors said they had used oxycodone at least once.

RECOVERY FROM DRUG USE

No single drug abuse treatment program works for everyone. It is important to tailor treatment settings and services to match each individual’s unique problems. In general, individuals who persist with drug treatment longer than 3 months have better outcomes that those who give it less time.

Awareness and Acknowledgement

  • Occasional insight into levels of denial often initiated by family and friends
  • Recognition that there is a drug problem
  • Still engaging in addictive behavior and some denial

Acceptance and Consideration

  • Willingness to explore ideas about addiction and recovery
  • No more denial
  • Exploring ideas of recovery and treatments

Early Recovery and Treatment

  • Drug Detox
  • Residential and/or Outpatient treatment
  • Counseling
  • Learning new skills, behaviors and habits
  • Building healthy relationships for ongoing support
 

Active Recovery and Maintenance

  • Active monitoring of feelings, thoughts, behaviors, activities and relationships
  • Living drug free one day at a time
  • Understanding that this stage may be a lifelong process


What you can do to challenge your ADDICTION?

Recovering from Alcoholism

Recovery from alcohol addiction means changing habits and behaviors in every area of one’s life. This is especially true of interaction with others. It is essential to develop positive relationships and to seek settings that support your decision to live a healthy life.

  • Think about other ways of celebrating
  • Avoid being around others who are drinking
  • Make friends with others in recovery
  • Practice saying “no thank you”
  • Avoid going to bars and parties
  • Improve your communication with others
  • Attend 12-Step meetings and find a sponsor
  • Practice relaxation techniques
  • Remind yourself that uncomfortable feelings are normal and will pass
  • Obtain help from a therapist
  • Avoid self-sabotaging self talk
  • Challenge faulty or irrational beliefs and thoughts
 

Withdrawal from Alcohol Looks like this:

Quitting alcohol addiction is no walk in the park. Initial symptoms of detox and withdrawal can be severe and feel too difficult to bear. But no matter how trying, it is important to keep in mind that these symptoms will pass:

  • Seizures
  • Tremors
  • Nausea
  • Auditory or visual hallucinations
  • Insomnia
  • Agitation
  • Confusion

Changing Your Self-Destructive Path

Girl and guy 

Although each individual needs to discover what works best on the road to recovery, it helps to have as many guide posts as possible along the way. In time, you will assemble your own personal travel guide that will keep you on the right path.

  • Learn to recognize “using thoughts”
  • Use visual imagery
  • Snap a rubberband on your wrist
  • Exercise or play sports
  • Relax
  • Call someone
  • Eliminate avoidable triggers
  • Make the concept of “one day at a time” concrete
  • Reduce anxiety
  • Join the 12-Step Program
 

Stages of ALCOHOL Recovery

Initial stage 1 to 2 weeks

  • Craving and depression
  • Low energy
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Increased appetite
  • Difficulty concentrating

Honeymoon About 4 weeks

  • Increased energy, enthusiasm, and optimism
  • Feelings of having been cured

The Wall About 12 to 16 weeks

  • Hardest stage of recovery
  • Depression and irritability
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Low energy and loss of enthusiasm
  • High risk of relapse

Readjustment 8 weeks or longer

  • Begin returning to more normal lifestyle
  • Begin working on marital, emotional and psychological issues to strengthen family ties and relationships

What is ADDICTION?

Definition of Adiction - American Society of Addiction Medicine(2003):

A primary, chronic, neurobiologic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. Addiction is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the following: impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving.

IF YOU OR A LOVED ONE CAN ANSWER YES TO ANY OF THESE QUESTIONS, IT MAY INDICATE AN ALCOHOL OR DRUG PROBLEM:

  • Use the CAGE method to identify potential areas of concern:
  • C: HAVE YOU EVER TRIED TO CUT BACK OR STOP DRINKING OR USING A DRUG?
  • A: HAVE YOU EVER FELT ANOYED OR IRRITATED TOWARD SOMEONE CRITICIZING YOUR ALCOHOL OR DRUG USE?
  • G: HAVE YOU EVER FELT GUILTY OR REMORSEFUL AFTER DRINKING OR USING DRUGS?
  • E: HAVE YOU EVER HAD AN EYE-OPENERSUCH AS A DUI OR DRUG RELATED ARREST,RELATIONSHIP OR WORK PROBLEMS DUE TO ALCOHOL OR DRUG US?

The World Health Organization identified mental disorder and addictions as the leading cause of disability worldwide. In the United States one out of four people suffer from a diagnosable disorder in any given year. Many people are unaware of the benefits of therapy and continue to cheat themselves from living a satisfying and fulfilled life. A therapeutic relationship can serve you year after year through rough times, difficult decisions, and mental and physical chaos.

At your first call, you will be personally matched to an appropriate therapist or counselor to meet your specific needs. Each therapist or coach will utilize a compassionate method of helping you clarify values, beliefs, and priorities. We work to guide you in developing patterns of behavior that serve you, while overcoming patterns that have impeded your progress in the past. Your unique strengths, opportunities, threats and weaknesses are clarified as you establish goals that reduce stress while cultivating personal growth. By attending to priorities of overall well-being, we are transforming mental and behavioral health services for individuals and families each day. Please join us by calling today for your mental and behavioral health checkup…


 

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